More than 200 Distributors

Around 1,000,000 Outlets

Nationwide Coverage



Brand Name


Generic Name


Therapeutic Segment

Antibiotic (Glycopeptide)

Available as



(Summary of product characteristics)


Ticozid 200mg Injection
Each vial contains:
Teicoplanin BP………200mg
equivalent to 200,000 IU (1000 IU/mg)
(Product Specs: BP)

Ticozid 400mg Injection
Each vial contains:
Teicoplanin BP………400mg
equivalent to 400,000 IU (1000 IU/mg)
(Product Specs: BP)


Lyophilized powder for Injection


Therapeutic indications

Ticozid Injection is indicated in adults and in children from birth for the parenteral treatment of the following infections

  • Complicated skin and soft tissue infections,
  • Bone and joint infections,
  • Hospital-acquired pneumonia , community-acquired pneumonia,
  • Complicated urinary tract infections
  • Infective endocarditis,
  • Peritonitis associated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).
  • Bacteremia that occurs in association with any of the indications listed above.
  • Ticozid Injection is also indicated as an alternative oral treatment for Clostridium difficile infection-associated diarrhea and colitis.

Where appropriate, Ticozid injection should be administered in combination with other antibacterial agents.

Posology and method of administration

The dose and duration of treatment should be adjusted according to the underlying type and severity of infection and clinical response of the patient, and patient factors such as age and renal function.

Measurement of serum concentrations

Teicoplanin through serum concentrations should be monitored at steady state after completion of the loading dose regimen in order to ensure that a minimum trough serum concentration has been reached:
During maintenance treatment, teicoplanin trough serum concentrations monitoring may be performed at least once a week to ensure that these concentrations are stable.

Adults and elderly patients with normal renal function


Loading dose

Maintenance dose

Loading dose regimen

Targeted trough concentrations at day 3 to 5

Maintenance dose

Targeted trough concentrations during maintenance

·         Complicated skin and soft tissue infections

·         Pneumonia

·         Complicated urinary tract infections

6mg/kg body weight every 12 hours for 3

intravenous or intramuscular administrations


6mg/kg body weight intravenous

or intramuscular once a day

>15mg/L once a week

– Bone and joint infections

12mg/kg body weight every 12

hours for 3 to 5 intravenous administrations


12mg/kg body weight intravenous

or intramuscular once a day


– Infective endocarditis

12mg/kg body weight every 12

hours for 3 to 5 intravenous administrations


12mg/kg body weight intravenous

or intramuscular once a day


The dose is to be adjusted on body weight, whatever the weight of the patient.

Duration of treatment

The duration of treatment should be decided based on the clinical response. For infective endocarditis a minimum of 21 days is usually considered appropriate. Treatment should not exceed 4 months.

Combination therapy

It has a limited spectrum of antibacterial activity (Gram positive). It is not suitable for use as a single agent for the treatment of some types of infections unless the pathogen is already documented and known to be susceptible or there is a high suspicion that the most likely pathogen(s) would be suitable for treatment with teicoplanin.

Clostridium difficile infection-associated diarrhea and colitis
The recommended dose is 100-200 mg administered orally twice a day for 7 to 14 days.

Elderly population

No dose adjustment is required, unless there is renal impairment Adults and elderly patients with impaired renal function Dose adjustment is not required until the fourth day of treatment, at which time dosing should be adjusted to maintain a serum trough concentration of at least 10 mg/L.

After the fourth day of treatment:

  • In mild and moderate renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance 30-80mL/min): maintenance dose should be halved, either by administering the dose every two days or by administering half of this dose once a day.
  • In severe renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance less than 30 mL/min) and in hemodialyzed patients: dose should be one-third the usual dose, either by administering the initial unit dose every third day or by administering one-third of this dose once a day. Ticozid is not removed by hemodialysis.

Patients in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
After a single intravenous loading dose of 6 mg/kg bodyweight, 20 mg/L is administered in the bag of the dialysis solution in the first week, 20 mg/L in different bags the second week and then 20 mg/L in the overnight bag in the third week.

Pediatric population

The dose recommendations are the same in adults and children above 12 years of age.

Neonates and infants up to the age of 2 months:
Loading dose
One single dose of 16 mg/kg body weight, administered intravenously by infusion on the first day.

Maintenance dose
One single dose of 8 mg/kg body weight administered intravenously by infusion once a day.

Children (2 months to 12 years):

Loading dose
One single dose of 10 mg/kg body weight administered intravenously every 12 hours, repeated 3 times.

Maintenance dose
One single dose of 6-10 mg/kg body weight administered intravenously once a day.

Method of administration
Ticozid should be administered by the intravenous or intramuscular route. The intravenous injection may be administered either as a bolus over 3 to 5 minutes or as a 30-minute infusion. Only the infusion method should be used in neonates. This medicinal product is for single use only.

Preparation of reconstituted solution:
The solution is reconstituted by adding water for injection to the 200 mg and 400 mg powder vial. The water is slowly added to the vial which should be rotated until all the powder is dissolved to avoid foaming. If foam is developed,

allow the solution to stand for approximately 15 minutes so that the foam disappears. Only clear and yellowish solutions should be used.

Nominal teicoplanin content of vial



Volume of powder vial



Volume containing nominal teicoplanin



Preparation of the diluted solution before infusion:
Ticozid can be administered in the following infusion solutions:

  • Sodium chloride 9 mg/mL (0.9%) solution
  • Ringer solution/ Ringer-lactate solution
  • 5% dextrose injection/ 10% dextrose injection
  • 0.18% sodium chloride and 4% glucose solution
  • 0.45% sodium chloride and 5% glucose solution
  • Peritoneal dialysis solution containing 1.36% or 3.86% glucose solution.

Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with requirements.

Hypersensitivity to teicoplanin

Special warnings and precautions for use
Teicoplanin should not be administered by intraventricular use.

Hypersensitivity reactions: If an allergic reaction to teicoplanin occurs, treatment should be discontinued immediately and appropriate emergency measures should be initiated. Teicoplanin must be administered with caution in patients with known hypersensitivity to vancomycin.

Infusion related reactions: In rare cases (even at the first dose), red man syndrome has been observed. Stopping or slowing the infusion may result in cessation of these reactions. Infusion related reactions can be limited if the daily dose is not given via bolus injection but infused over a 30-minute period.

Severe bullous reactions: If symptoms or signs of SJS or TEN (e.g. progressive skin rash often with blisters or mucosal lesions) are present teicoplanin treatment should be discontinued immediately Spectrum of antibacterial activity: teicoplanin will be used to treat severe infections in patients for whom standard antibacterial activity is considered to be unsuitable.

Thrombocytopenia: Thrombocytopenia has been reported with teicoplanin periodic hematological examinations, including complete blood count, are recommended during treatment.

Patients with renal insufficiency, in those receiving the high dose regimen of teicoplanin, and those receiving teicoplanin in conjunction with or sequentially with other medicinal products with known nephrotoxic potential should be carefully monitored.

Ototoxicity: Special precautions must be taken when administering teicoplanin in patients who require concomitant treatment with ototoxic and/or nephrotoxic medicinal products.

Superinfection: As with other antibiotics, the use of teicoplanin, especially if prolonged, may result in overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms. If superinfection occurs during therapy, appropriate measures should be taken.

Sodium Content: This medicinal product contains 24 mg of sodium chloride per 400mg, corresponding to about 10 mg (0.43 mmol) of sodium, equivalent to 0.012% of the WHO recommended maximum daily intake of 2 g sodium for an adult.

Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Teicoplanin should be used with care in conjunction with or sequentially with other medicinal products with known nephrotoxic and/or neurotoxic/ototoxic potential. These include e.g. aminoglycosides, colistin, amphotericin B, ciclosporin, cisplatin, furosemide, and ethacrynic acid.

Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy: Teicoplanin should not be used during pregnancy unless clearly necessary. A potential risk of inner ear and renal damage to the fetus cannot be excluded.

Lactation: It is unknown whether teicoplanin is excreted in human milk. There is no information on the excretion of teicoplanin in animal milk.

Effects on the ability to drive and use machines
Teicoplanin has minor influence on the ability to drive and use machines.

Undesirable effects
Very common (≥1/10),
common (≥1/100 to <1/10),
uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100),
rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000),
very rare (<1/10,000),
not known
(cannot be estimated from the available data). Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

System organ class


(≥1/100 to <1/10 )


(≥1/1,000 to <1/100)


(≥1/10,000 to


Not known (cannot be estimated from available data)

Infections and infestations



Superinfection (overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms)

Blood and the lymphatic system disorders


Leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, eosinophilia


Agranulocytosis, neutropenia, pancytopenia

Immune system disorders


Anaphylactic reaction (anaphylaxis)


Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), anaphylactic shock

Nervous system disorders


Dizziness, headache



Ear and Labyrinth disorders


Deafness, hearing loss  tinnitus, vestibular disorder


Vascular disorders





Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders




Gastro-intestinal disorders


Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea


Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Rash, erythema, pruritus


Red man syndrome (e.g. Flushing of the upper part of the body)

Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, erythema multiforme, angioedema, dermatitis exfoliative, urticaria

Renal and

Urinary disorders


Blood creatinine increased


Renal failure (including renal failure acute)

General disorders and administration site conditions

Pain, pyrexia


Injection site abscess, chills (rigors)


Treatment of teicoplanin overdose should be symptomatic. Teicoplanin is not removed by hemodialysis and only slowly by peritoneal dialysis.


Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Glycopeptide Antibacterials,

ATC code: J01XA 02.

Mechanism of action
Teicoplanin inhibits the growth of susceptible organisms by interfering with cell-wall biosynthesis at a site different from that affected by beta-lactams.
Peptidoglycan synthesis is blocked by specific binding to D-alanyl-D-alanine residues.

Susceptibility testing breakpoints
The MICs breakpoints are displayed in the following table:




Staphylococcus aureus

≤2 mg/L

>2 mg/L

Coagulase-negative staphylococci

≤4 mg/L

>4 mg/L

Enterococcus spp.

≤2 mg/L

>2 mg/L

Streptococcus groups A, B, C, G

≤2 mg/L

>2 mg/L

Streptococcus pneumoniae

≤2 mg/L

>2 mg/L

Viridans group streptococci

≤2 mg/L

>2 mg/L

Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic relationship
Teicoplanin antimicrobial activity depends essentially on the duration of time during which the substance level is higher than the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the pathogen.

Commonly susceptible species

Aerobic Gram-positive bacteria: Corynebacterium jeikeium, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus (including methicillin-resistant strains), Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. Equisimilis (Group C & G streptococci), Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococci in the viridans group.

Anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria: Clostridium difficile, Peptostreptococcus spp.

Species for which acquired resistance may be a problem

Aerobic Gram-positive bacteria: Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, Staphylococcus hominis.

Inherently resistant bacteria

All Gram-negative bacteria

Other bacteria: Chlamydia spp. Chlamydophila spp., Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma spp.

Pharmacokinetic properties

Teicoplanin is administered by parenteral route (intravenously or intramuscularly). After intramuscular administration, the bioavailability of teicoplanin (as compared to intravenous administration) is almost complete (90%). After six daily intramuscular administrations of 200 mg the mean (SD) maximum teicoplanin concentration (Cmax) amounts to 12.1 (0.9) mg/L and occurs at 2 hours after administration.

The binding to human serum proteins ranges from 87.6 to 90.8% without any variation in function of the teicoplanin concentrations. Teicoplanin is mainly bound to human serum albumin. Teicoplanin is not distributed in red cells.

Teicoplanin distributed mainly in lung, myocardium and bone tissues with tissue/serum In blister fluids, synovial fluid and peritoneal fluid the tissue/serum Teicoplanin does not readily penetrate into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

Unchanged form of teicoplanin is the main compound identified in plasma and urine, indicating minimal metabolism. Two metabolites are formed probably by hydroxylation and represents 2 to 3% of the administered dose.

Unchanged teicoplanin is mainly excreted by urinary route (80% within 16 days) while 2.7% of the administered dose is recovered in feces (via bile excretion) within 8 days following administration.

Teicoplanin has a low total clearance in the range of 10 to 14 mL/h/kg and a renal clearance in the range of 8 to 12 mL/h/kg indicating that teicoplanin is mainly excreted by renal mechanisms.

Teicoplanin exhibited linear pharmacokinetics at dose range of 2 to 25 mg/kg.

Special populations

Renal impairment: As teicoplanin is eliminated by renal route, teicoplanin elimination decreases according to the degree of renal impairment. The total and renal clearances of teicoplanin depends on the creatinine clearance.

Elderly patients:
In the elderly population the teicoplanin pharmacokinetics is not modified unless in case of renal impairment.

Pediatric population
A higher total clearance (15.8 mL/h/kg for neonates, 14.8 mL/h/kg for a mean age 8 years) and a shorter elimination half-life (40 hours neonates; 58 hours for 8 years) are observed compared to adult patients.


Teicoplanin and aminoglycoside are incompatible when mixed directly and must not be mixed before injection. If teicoplanin is administered in combination therapy with other antibiotics, the preparation must be administered separately.

This medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products except those mentioned.

Special precautions for storage

  • Protect from heat, sunlight and moisture. Store below 25°C. Do not freeze.
  • Keep out of the reach of children.
  • To be sold on the prescription of a registered medical practitioner only.


TICOZID 200mg Injection: Combined pack of one vial providing 200mg Teicoplanin (200,000 IU i.e. 1000 IU/mg) and one ampoule containing Water for Injection 3mL.

TICOZID 400mg Injection: Combined pack of one vial providing 400mg Teicoplanin (400,000 IU i.e. 1000 IU/mg) and one ampoule containing Water for Injection 3mL.

Shelf life:

2 years


Head office:
Bosch Pharmaceuticals (Pvt.) Ltd.,
8, Modern Society, Tipu Sultan Road, Karachi-Pakistan

Manufacturing site:
Bosch Pharmaceuticals (Pvt.) Ltd.,
Plot No. 209, Sector 23, Korangi Industrial area, Karachi-Pakistan

Manufactured for:
Bosch Pharmaceuticals (Pvt.) Ltd.,
Plot No. 221-223, Sector 23, Korangi Industrial area, Karachi-Pakistan


Ticozid 200mg Injection

Ticozid 400mg Injection